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In pursuing livelihood strategies composed of a range of activities, both the access to assets and the use to which they can be put are mediated by social factors (social relations, institutions, organisations) and by exogenous trends (e.g. positively farmers’ participation in various livelihood strategy. A livelihood, as defi ned by Robert Chambers and Gordon Conway, “comprises the capabilities, assets (including both material and social resources) and activities required for a means of living.”3 The livelihood strategies that displaced households develop to secure a … Thus, rural households engage in to different livelihood diversification activities to ensure their food needs and secure their future livelihoods. Region Nexus in the Bale Eco-Region (ER), Oromia National Regional State, Ethiopia explores three inter-related issues. Livelihood strategies may focus on increasing the range of assets to which a person or household has access, or on increasing access to particular types of capital. A survey of 133 sample households, and four KIIs were employed. These coping strategies are easy to observe. African Journal of Agricultural Research. The coping strategies pursued by rural households in rural Ethiopia include minimizing number and quantity of meals in a day, diversifying livelihood income sources, migration, and wage labor. WVE has designed a five years strategy (2016-2020) for an integrated development programs. Determinants of livelihood strategies in Wolaita, southern Ethiopia In order to better understand existing markets in the Somali region of Ethiopia, especially in Jigjiga, and to inform the strategy and action plan of the project, the ILO commissioned this market systems analysis. The coping strategies pursued by rural households in rural Ethiopia include minimizing number and quantity of meals in a day, diversifying livelihood income sources, migration, and wage labor. Through all the search, 182 published and unpublished papers were collected. Typically, food insecure households employ any of four types of consumption coping strategy. the livelihood strategies and the coping mechanisms used by rural households in Abela Lida PA, Shebedino district, Southern Ethiopia. About this report The AgWater Solutions Project aimed at designing agricultural water management (AWM) strategies for smallholder farmers in sub Saharan Africa and in India. Founded in 2000, the organization has worked among backward communities in the interior unreached pockets of coastal Odisha, identified as one of the most under developed states in India. ORIGINAL PAPER Livelihood strategies, capital assets, and food security in rural Southwest Ethiopia Aisa O. Manlosa1 & Jan Hanspach1 & Jannik Schultner1 & Ine Dorresteijn 2 & Joern Fischer1 Received: 29 December 2017/Accepted: 20 December 2018/Published online: 24 January 2019 While it is important to understand longer-term livelihood strategies in an emergency, research has types of coping strategy. endobj Devel-opment strategies and policies in Ethiopia, including the recent endobj In Ethiopia, farm households engage and pursue diverse off-farm and non-farm livelihood activities to cope with diverse challenges such as drought. It considers the influence of the differing agro-ecological and social contexts in which youth start transitions to adult roles and decent work. LIVELIHOOD ZONES ANALYSIS Ethiopia Prepared by Dr. Girma Medhin in consultation with FAO, 2011. Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. Rural Livelihood Strategies and Household Food Security of Farmers Surrounding Derba Cement Factory, Oromia Region, Ethiopia December 2018 Rural Sustainability Research 40(335):2-17 One includes the immediate and short-term alternation of consumption patterns. %PDF-1.5 The woreda is stratified into three agro-ecological zones The empirical literature shows that the role of based on altitude and weather condition. Livelihood strategies of different categories of households in rural areas of Abbottabad, Pakistan. The PSNP aims to provide a security against abrupt income changes. Our Pastoral Livelihood Initiative (PLI), in partnership with USAID, supported 250,000 pastoralists with integrated water, food, and rangeland management solutions. Diversifying livelihood strategies at current time become a standard phenomenon within the study area. <> After comparing the basic features of various livelihoods models in use, it describes the main features of the livelihoods approach, and what its strengths and its weaknesses are. 5.1 Livelihoods approaches and responses: government 14 5.2 Livelihoods approaches and responses: aid agencies 14 5.3 Barriers to refugees’ livelihood and self-reliance in Ethiopia 18 5.4 Livelihoods approaches and social inclusion 19 5.5 Strategic areas for supporting livelihoods and self-reliance 19 6 Conclusion 23 7 References 24 Determinants of Female-headed Households’ Livelihood 5427 Diversification Strategies Choice in Ambo District, Ethiopia Household Livelihood Diversification strategies Livelihood strategies are those activities undertaken by smallholder households to provide a means of living, and its aim are to ensure households’ economic and social security. In this paper, we have assessed the role of livelihood diversification in household well-being in Humla, a remote mountain district in west Nepal. resources, Livelihood strategies, and Institutional processes and organizational structures. Agriculture in developing countries is unable to meet food needs of rural people. stream Diversification of livelihoods is a commonly applied strategy for coping with economic and environmental shocks and instrumental in poverty reduction. Analysis of Wealth and Livelihood Capitals in Southern Ethiopia: A Lesson for policy makers, Rural Household Livelihood Strategies: Options and Determinants in the Case of Wolaita Zone, Southern Ethiopia, IMPACT OF URBANIZATION OF ADDIS ABEBA CITY ON PERI-URBAN ENVIRONMENT AND LIVELIHOODS, The Role of Income Diversification on Risk Management and Rural Household Food Security in Ethiopia. We conducted a survey in southwestern Ethiopia and used principal component and cluster analyses. strategies—that people use to manage household food shortage. Highlights We examined livelihood adaptations among Afar pastoralists in northeastern Ethiopia. - Geneva: ILO, 2017. The study focuses on one of the most densely populated rural areas on the continent in a country where agriculture has been consid-ered the mainstay and livelihood for all rural residents. Ethiopia Livelihoods for Resilience Learning Activity Baseline Survey Brief 5 livelihood pathways (i.e., on-farm, off-farm, and employment). �A�EwȔ�Y�|Р:�������*1��P��z���j��5�oFg�'T��y��4o�퀀����̤���{= �Ɲ��x��՘�%A݃�^���f�H=��\3��X���99��4��'�Iu3/�4QI5��VU?�fc���A4���. strategies through community initiative, participation and sensitization. To browse Academia.edu and the wider internet faster and more securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser. ISBN: 9789221308133; 9789221308140 (web pdf) International Labour Office; United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. Pastoralists are in transition to sedentary life but still attached to pastoralism. 1 0 obj Rural households’ livelihood assets, strategies and outcomes in drought-prone areas of the Amhara Region, Ethiopia: Case Study in Lay Gaint District. Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. %���� to define a specific household livelihood strategy [1]. That is, those livelihood diversification strategies in Ethiopia in general between 1700-2000 masl, are considered as dry Woina and study area in … You can download the paper by clicking the button above. The purpose of this study was to identify the livelihood strategies and diversification status in the western tip of Ethiopia, Lare woreda. and lack of education are the major causes of food insecurity in rural Ethiopia. Livelihood strategies are at the centre of development. To understand the complex and differentiated processes through which livelihoods are constructed, Scoones points out, it is insufficient just to analyse the different aspects; one must also analyse the … We piloted innovative approaches to natural resource management, including cash and food transfers. Assets in this framework include: human capital (the education, skills and health of household This article reviews the recent literature on diversification as a livelihood strategy of rural households in developing countries, with particular reference to sub‐Saharan Africa. A principal component analysis followed by cluster analysis was used to establish typologies of households based on livelihood strategies. The ultimate objective of these investment strategies is to improve long-term livelihood security and the quality of life of more generally. sustainability, and livelihood strategies (e.g. Christian Social Council (CSC) to enhance livelihood strategies for poor women in urban areas. promote the livelihoods of refugees and host communities in the Jigjiga re-gion of Ethiopia. Strategy: •DJMV strives to improve the quality of life of the rural poor by strengthening their existing livelihood programs, initiative new activities to diversify and increase their income in the coastal areas among the fishing communities The review was made on determinants and challenges of livelihood diversification in Ethiopia. several other African countries, including Kenya, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Zimbabwe, Zambia, ... important to understand longer-term livelihood strategies in an emergency, research has shown that the management of short-term consumption strategies is an accurate indicator of food security. 4.3 Urban refugees and their livelihood strategies 30 4.4 Linkages, impacts and contributions of refugee economies 34 5 Conclusion 42 5.1 Introduction 42 5.2 Urban refugees in Addis Ababa 42 5.3 Urban refugees and their livelihood strategies 42 5.4 Linkages, impacts and contributions of … Decision to … However, identification of the numerous factors that determine the abilities of rural household’s choice of livelihood strategies in Ethiopia has received little attention despite its increasing threat over the poor. allow the assessment of livelihood strategies of rural, resource dependent communities.A lack of basic informationmainly from rural areas is common occurrence especially in developing countries. A mixed research method of sequential transformative strategy was used. Only 42 published and unpublished papers were considered to review the paper. Surveys and key informant interviews (KII) were sources of data. To understand the complex and differentiated processes through which livelihoods are constructed, Scoones points out, it is insufficient just to analyse the different aspects; one must also analyse the institutional processes and organizational structures that link these various elements together. In 2012, Save the Children’s food security and livelihoods interventions reached over one million people through targeted interventions such as an 3.1 Pastoralist livelihood pathways in East Africa 30 3.2 Conceptual framework of resilience and vulnerability 33 3.3 Strategic investment framework for livelihoods resilience and transformation in pastoral areas of Ethiopia 46 Map 1.1 Major livestock production zones in Ethiopia 3 Tables 1.1 PAP population projection, 2014–17 2 Button above and to examine the dependency of livelihood diversification of SMALL HOLDER farmers in Ethiopia,,... Made on determinants of farmers ' participation in income diversification in the western tip of Ethiopia principal component followed. Instrumental in poverty reduction are not practical or timely diverse challenges and risks Bale Eco-region and food transfers considers... Economic trends ) and shocks ( drought, disease, floods, ). 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