Christian celebrations and festivals center around important dates in Jesus' life. o'er ancient forms departing [Source: Luke 1:26-38, NIV, International Bible Society], “Mary was greatly troubled at his words and wondered what kind of greeting this might be. Here you'll find quizzes that will test your knowledge of these days' religious meaning. This guide provides information about diverse cultural celebrations and religious holidays. Christian Classics Ethereal Library www.ccel.org ; Bible: Bible Gateway and the New International Version (NIV) of The Bible biblegateway.com ; King James Version of the Bible gutenberg.org/ebooks ; "I am the Lord's servant," Mary answered. United States. Holy Week And as it is a good distance from the gate to the great church, that is, the martyrium, they arrive about the second hour of the night, for they go the whole way very slowly lest the people should be weary from being afoot. All the apotactitae, and of the people those who are able, attend; the clergy go by turns, daily. Lent Panis angelicus The name 'Corpus Christi' is Latin for 'the body of Christ'. Some festivals, like Christmas Day, happen on the same date every year, while others move around within a range of dates. The festival celebrates two things: 1) God's action in entering the human world as Jesus in order to save humanity; and 2) Christianity & Paganism: Statistically Speaking. Afterwards the dismissal takes place in due course, and the oblation is made there. |::|, According to the BBC: “Some feminist theologians find the story of the Assumption portrays women as unacceptably submissive and as colluding with the idea that "women's only claim to fame is the capacity to have babies." A time for personal reflection and improvement through prayer, fasting, and study. Many prominent and well-known Christian holidays include Christmas and Easter, but some not as well known ones include Palm Sunday, Ash Wednesday, Good Friday, Lent, and All Saints Day. The procession in Madrid was joined by the King and/or Queen, as well as senior nobles. But Christians did not necessarily abandon the Jewish Sabbath which is why. San Francisco, CA 94129 Despite the fact that most Christians have consigned the biblical festivals to a long-forgotten history of the Jewish people, these festivals are just as vital to Christian identity today as they were in Bible days. St. Catherine Annual Christian Festivals: When: Begins 40 days before EasterObservance: Self-examination and preparation for EasterLent was first observed in the fourth century as the 40-day period between Ash Wednesday and Easter. Where the feeble senses fail. All Rights Reserved. |::|, “Corpus Christi is marked by a service originally devised by Thomas Aquinas. He lived in Rome and devised the system for counting years after Christ was born based on erroneous calculations. 2. Immovable feasts are Christian holidays that keep the same date every year. Holidays and Observances. |::|, “Other writers suggest that the story of the Annunciation emphasises the status of women, since in the Incarnation God enlists the help of a woman to create a child of vast importance, and gives men no part to play in this important work. Even Elizabeth your relative is going to have a child in her old age, and she who was said to be barren is in her sixth month. |::|, According to the BBC: “ It is celebrated on the Sunday 50 days after Easter (the name comes from the Greek pentekoste, "fiftieth"). In addition, certain passages in an individual Christian's life are marked by celebration and special services. It is one of only two festivals mentioned by Zoroaster in the Avesta, the only holy Zoroastrian scriptures written by Zoroaster himself. ["World Religions" edited by Geoffrey Parrinder, Facts on File Publications, New York], See Separate Articles LENT AND CARNIVAL factsanddetails.com , EASTER AND EASTER-RELATED HOLIDAYS factsanddetails.com , HOLY WEEK SEASON factsanddetails.com , The difference between these holidays and the holidays celebrated today is that some of our modern Christian holidays have pagan or even anti-Christian origins. The Orthodox Church observes the Julian calendar instead of the Gregorian calendar (the calendar used in most of the world today). Manducat Dominum fructus ventris generosi Advent - the four-week season of preparation for the birth of Christ, and for the Second Coming. Rex effudit Gentium. Easter Easter, also known as Pascha , the Feast of the Resurrection, the Sunday of the Resurrection, or Resurrection Day, is the most important religious feast of the Christian liturgical year, observed between late March and late April “6. School children have two weeks off school during Christmas and Easter. “The idea of rest played absolutely no part in the Christian Sunday," Rordorf said. Some Christians celebrate their patron saint day rather than their birthday. Ministers in church often wear robes with red in the design as a symbol of the flames in which the Holy Spirit came to earth. Peter and Paul; July 25, St. James the Great; July 25, St. Christopher; September 21, St. Matthew; October 4, St. Francis of Assisi; October 18, St. Luke; November 22, St. Cecilia; and November 30, St. Andrew. Why is the Christian Sabbath on Sunday and the Jewish Sabbath on Saturday? Christianity was founded in the early 1st century AD, … Lent, Easter and Christmas are the main religious festivals of the Christian Year. Lastly, all the Christian people to a man escort the bishop with hymns to Sion. According to legend, the dream was interpreted to her in a vision by Christ. On the ensuing days everything is done as during the whole year, that is, vigil is kept in the Anastasis from the first cockcrow. — Redemptionis Sacramentum 143 |::|, “The structure of the procession is often designed to demonstrate the hierarchy of heaven in that the sacred host is followed in procession by various Church organisations carrying the banners of their patron saints. [Source: June 16, 2009 BBC |::|]. Some, like Christmas Day, happen on the same date every year, while others move around within a … Celebrates Jesus' resurrection from Crucifixion. Because Maundy Thursday falls during the solemn period of Holy Week, it was thought necessary to have a separate festival of the Eucharist that would allow the celebration not to be muted by sadness. Christian Festivals and Religious Calendar The Christian Calendar is the term commonly used for the most used calendar today across many countries around the world. For the priests read there from the Acts of the Apostles concerning the selfsame thing, because that is the place in Sion--there is another church there now--where once, after the Lord's Passion, the multitude was gathered together with the Apostles, and where this was done, as we have said above. Asalha Puja; Blessed Rainy Day (Bhutanese) Bon Festival (Japanese) Buddha's Birthday or Vesak; Diwali; Magha Puja; Pchum Ben (Cambodian) Poya; … The triumphal nature of the celebration is acted out by treating the sacred host almost as if it were a military hero returning in victory from the wars - the host may be carried on a cart (representing a chariot) through crowds and beneath triumphal arches erected for the event. Egeria wrote in the A.D. 380s: “And then all the people to a man descend thence with the bishop, saying hymns and antiphons suitable to that day, and so come very slowly to the martyrium. quem in mundi pretium Holy Week - the last week of Jesus' life, including Palm Sunday, which celebrates his triumphal entry into Jerusalem the week before he was crucified; Maundy Thursday, a remembrance of the Last Supper with the disciples; and Good Friday, the day Jesus was crucified on a cross, which is the most recognized symbol of Christianity. The Lord God will give him the throne of his father David, and he will reign over the house of Jacob forever; his kingdom will never end.". But when morning is come, all the people proceed to the great church, that is, to the martyrium, and all things usual are done there; the priests preach and then the bishop, and all things that are prescribed are done, the oblation being made, as is customary on the Lord's Day, only the same dismissal in the martyrium is hastened, in order that it may be made before the third hour. It embraces Palm Sunday (Sunday before Easter), Maundy Thursday (Thursday before Easter); Good Friday ( Friday before Easter) and Easter (First Sunday after the first full moon after the vernal (spring) equinox). Such material is made available in an effort to advance understanding of country or topic discussed in the article. Dancers often appeared as combatants: angels and demons, Samson and the Philistines, and Christians and Moors are just a few of the warring factions presented in Spanish Corpus Christi festivals. In some places first communions are big social events in which parents by buy their children fancy clothes and have a nice dinner. Christian festivals vary according to denomination, and whether they are government holidays depends very much on your country. Resumption of the Ordinary Services in the 4th Century, Egeria wrote in the A.D. 380s: “XLIV Now, from the day after the fiftieth day all fast as is customary throughout the whole year, each one as he is able, except on the Sabbath and on the Lord's Day, which are never kept as fasts in this place. It includes five great hymns, including Panis Angelicus (part of a longer hymn called Sacris Solemniis, 'At this our solemn feast'): — Thomas Aquinas, Pange Lingua (hymn for Vespers on the Feast of Copus Christi), stanza 1, Sing, my tongue, Annunciation, 25 March Some argue, we have a weekend. Christianity’s Pagan Roots: Traditions, Practices, and Holidays By TS on August 26, 2018. It is a season of expectation. Ascension Day (40 days after Easter) ("Common Era") to get rid of religious prejudice. Newer rites of grace prevail; If you are the copyright owner and would like this content removed from factsanddetails.com, please contact me. |::|, “The procession moves through local streets, either to another church, or back to the church where it began. There's a spirit in the air Trinity Sunday (Sunday after Whitsunday); and Corpus Christi Day (two Thursdays after Whitsunday). In some countries the festival is celebrated on the Sunday after Trinity Sunday. All Saints' Day is a festival on 1st November when many western Christian Churches honour and give thanks for both known and unknown Saints/saints. Questions or comments, e-mail email@example.com, World Religions - Christian Beliefs and Customs, bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/christianity, oneonta.edu/farberas/arth/arth212/Early_Christian_art. So the holy one to be born will be called the Son of God. It is celebrated as a holy day by two religions: Zoroastrianism and the Baha'i Faith. People passing by at first thought that they must be drunk, but the apostle Peter told the crowd that the apostles were full of the Holy Spirit. Then, that the people may be dismissed, the archdeacon raises his voice, and says: " Let us all be ready to-day in Eleona, in the Imbomon, directly after the sixth hour. Fit panis hominum And when the great gates are opened, which face towards the market-place, all the people enter the martyrium with hymns and with the bishop. Geography of Christianity; Main Beliefs/Philosophy > Authors. The most revered holidays and festivals of the Christian Church: - Advent (Preparation for the commemoration of Jesus' Birth. Feel free to send in your comments and please share the pages with your social networks like Facebook. ", Station at the Mount of Olives in the 4th Century, Egeria wrote in the A.D. 380s: “4. "B.C." Praestet fides supplementum 3) The Magnificat (Luke 1:46-55) is the poem with which Mary responds to the Annunciation and celebrates the power of God. CHRISTMAS AND HOLIDAYS IN THE CHRISTMAS SEASON factsanddetails.com , HISTORY OF CHRISTMAS factsanddetails.com. It is already night when they reach the gate of the city, and about two hundred church candles are provided for the use of the people. Early calendars had no year 0 because the Romans hadn't devised zero. Worldwide use of the Christian calendar didn't catch until the 1800s when it was spread around the globe by imperialism and trade. Lent, Easter and Christmas are the main religious festivals of the Christian Year. “8. However, recent students of religion suggest that far from being mother-daughter religions, Christianity and Judaism emerged at the same time over the first four centuries of the Common Era,… |::|, “The festival has a particular resonance for Spain and Portugal, and countries in Latin America. During the Middle Ages most people weren't concerned with investigating ancient history because they believed the Bible recorded the events between Eden and Jerusalem adequately and the Greeks and Romans recorded the development of the Mediterranean. “9. Its focus was on self-examination and self-denial, and Christians used fasting (abstaining from eating food) in the early years as a visible demonstration of this process.Over the centuries, Catholics have relaxed some of the strict fasting rules. Guide to Early Church Documents iclnet.org; Early Christian Writing earlychristianwritings.com ; June 1994, users.ox.ac.uk ]. Ussher was expert in Semitic languages, who had studied ancient texts from the Middle East and Europe nearly his entire lifetime before he announced the date in 1654. Christian Festivals and Holy Days. The question seems to imply that Christianity adopted its beliefs, prayers and holidays from a mother religion, Judaism. It includes calendars and brief descriptions of the events. Attempts have been made to revive the tradition in some UK towns and villages in recent years. Pange lingua includes the Tantum Ergo: And after the dismissal all approach the bishop's hand, and then every one returns to his house about midnight. School children have two weeks off school during Christmas and Easter. This joyous book "unpacks" theology to uncover the poetic, symbolic, folkloric, psychological, and mystical nature of the liturgical year. Swiss scholar Willy Rordorf has argued that it is because early Christians regarded the Sabbath as every day of their life while Jews regarded it as symbolic of the seventh day of Creation, on which God rested. The apostles then found themselves speaking in foreign languages, inspired by the Holy Spirit. The mystery of the glorious body, Epiphany, early January The Church states that St. Catherine Annual Christian Festivals: Annunciation, 25 March The Easter period, in Spring (dates vary): Lent Holy Week Easter Ascension Day (40 days after Easter) Pentecost (7th Sunday after Easter) The Christmas period, late November to early January Advent, the period leading up to Christmas: begins on the Sunday closest to 30 November Christmas Eve, 24 December Christmas Day, 25 December … Start of the Christmas Season) - Christmas (Birth of Jesus) - Easter and Holy Week (Death and Resurrection of Jesus, the end of Lent) - Palm Sunday (Commemoration of the triumphal entry of Jesus into Jerusalem) Related quizzes can be found here: Christian Holidays and Feasts Quizzes Holy Week is the week before Easter. The main festival that moves is Easter, and since many other festivals have their dates fixed in relation to Easter, they move with it. According to the BBC: “The festival of Corpus Christi celebrates the Eucharist as the body of Christ. As for some of the other holidays, such as Christmas, Christians didn't allow the pagans to keep their celebrations, but rather provided an alternative to the more popular secular festivals. — Aquinas's English translation, Aquinas also wrote a powerful prayer for the festival, that encompasses many aspects of the doctrine of the Eucharist: O God, who in this wonderful Sacrament left us a memorial of your Passion: grant, we implore you, that we may so venerate the sacred mysteries of your body and blood, as always to be conscious of the fruit of your redemption |::|, According to the BBC: “The festival was inspired by the religious experience of St Juliana (1193-1258), a Belgian nun, who dreamed repeatedly of the Church under a full moon with a black spot. And when this is over, the catechumens and then the faithful are blessed, and they come down thence, it being already the ninth hour, and go with hymns to that church which is in Eleona, wherein is the cave where the Lord was wont to sit and teach His Apostles. THE MAJOR FESTIVALS OF CHRISTIANITY. |::|, “Corpus Christi falls between late May and the middle of June, on the first Thursday after Trinity Sunday (60 days after Easter). by examining the scriptures. Epiphany - the visit of the three wise ones to Jesus just after his birth and their subsequent spreading of the news of his birth throughout the world. [Source: June 23, 2009 BBC |::|], Whitsuntide (Pentecost) in the 4th Century, Egeria wrote in the A.D. 380s: “Whitsunday: Morning Station: XLIII But on the fiftieth day, that is, the Lord's Day, when the people have a very great deal to go through, everything that is customary is done from the first cockcrow onwards; vigil is kept in the Anastasis, and the bishop reads the passage from the Gospel that is always read on the Lord's Day, namely, the account of the Lord's resurrection, and afterwards everything customary is done in the Anastasis, just as throughout the whole year. These include Baptism, or birth into the Christian church; Confirmation, an informed commitment to membership in the church; weddings; and funerals. Thus Angels' Bread is made Come Holy Ghost our souls inspire Zaehner (Barnes & Noble Books, 1959); King James Version of the Bible, gutenberg.org; New International Version (NIV) of The Bible, biblegateway.com; “Egeria's Description of the Liturgical Year in Jerusalem” users.ox.ac.uk ; Complete Works of Josephus at Christian Classics Ethereal Library (CCEL), translated by William Whiston, ccel.org , Metropolitan Museum of Art metmuseum.org, Frontline, PBS, “Encyclopedia of the World Cultures” edited by David Levinson (G.K. Hall & Company, New York, 1994); National Geographic, New York Times, Washington Post, Los Angeles Times, Smithsonian magazine, Times of London, The New Yorker, Time, Newsweek, Reuters, AP, AFP, Lonely Planet Guides, Compton’s Encyclopedia and various books and other publications. [Source: Carolyn Dean, Inka Bodies and the Body of Christ: Corpus Christi in Colonial Cuzco, Peru, 1999] |::|, “Although Native Americans were not represented in human form as subjugated to the Body of Christ in early Spanish Corpus Christi celebrations, the wealth of their land was transformed into its supports. Pauper, pauper “The Annunciation on March 25th marks the visit by the angel Gabriel's to Mary, who is told that she will be the mother of Jesus Christ. We might well read a metonymic "transubstantiation" of the bodies of American natives, not yet well known, into the gold which, when fashioned into monstrances and crosses, summoned their subjected and doubly converted presence in Spanish Corpus Christi festivals. the festivals and holidays of the christians are for very important past dates that the festivals and holidays are held for like with easter and good friday. Tantum ergo Sacramentum After declaring this he was condemned by leading rabbis and Jewish scholars. Lo! Pentecost is regarded as the birthday of the Christian church, and the start of the church's mission to the world. [Source: “Egeria's Description of the Liturgical Year in Jerusalem” based on the translation reproduced in Louis Duchesme's Christian Worship (London, 1923), published online by Michael Fraser, Department of Theology, University of Durham. [Source: June 23, 2009 BBC |::|], “During his papacy, Pope John Paul II led an annual Corpus Christi procession from St Peter's Square in the Vatican to the streets of Rome. O res mirabilis Lessons are read there with hymns interspersed, antiphons too are said suitable to the day and the place, also the prayers which are interspersed have likewise similar references. Often an Advent wreathe is used as a focus for prayer during Advent. You will find rich information along with entertainment for each and every section that we covered. Where also on their arrival hymns and antiphons are said, prayer is made, the catechumens and also the faithful are blessed; this is likewise done at the Cross. Internet Ancient History Sourcebook: Christian Origins sourcebooks.fordham.edu ; Early Christian Art oneonta.edu/farberas/arth/arth212/Early_Christian_art ; Early Christian Images jesuswalk.com/christian-symbols ; Early Christian and Byzantine Images belmont.edu/honors/byzart2001/byzindex, Book: History of Christianity by Owen Chadwick; The Faith: A History of Christianity by Brian Moynahan. June 1994, users.ox.ac.uk ]. The most important Christian holiday is Easter, a spring holiday that celebrates Christ's resurrection from the dead. UK laws and festivals rooted in Christianity ... Christian festivals in the UK. For nothing is impossible with God." Dharmic holidays (Indian) Buddhist holidays. 1009 General Kennedy Ave. Welcome to the Christian festivals page. Sanguinisque pretiosi, During the 18 th and 19 th centuries elements of the Saturnalia remained a part of the Carnival of Rome, and anti-Semitic features remained prevalent. Pagan traditions and celebrations preceded the onset of Christianity. Servus et humilis |::|, “Thomas Aquinas, Sacris Solemniis Juncta Sint Gaudia (Matins hymn for Corpus Christi), stanza 6 Easter - Jesus' resurrection from the dead. [Source: “Egeria's Description of the Liturgical Year in Jerusalem” based on the translation reproduced in Louis Duchesme's Christian Worship (London, 1923), published online by Michael Fraser, Department of Theology, University of Durham. It sounded like a very strong wind, and it looked like tongues of fire. And taking up the example of the disciples, they see Mary, through her act of faith, exercising her right to believe what she wants and to cooperate with God in his plan of salvation - a plan that he cannot carry out without her. |::|, Websites and Resources: Christianity Britannica on Christianity britannica.com//Christianity ; History of Christianity history-world.org/jesus_christ ; BBC on Christianity bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/christianity ;Wikipedia article on Christianity Wikipedia ; Religious Tolerance religioustolerance.org/christ.htm ; Christian Answers christiananswers.net ; upon their Lord and Master feed— Aquinas's English translation, and Pange lingua ('Sing, my tongue'): According to the BBC: “More importantly, since it occurs 9 months before the birth of Jesus on Christmas Day, the Annunciation marks the actual incarnation of Jesus Christ - the moment that Jesus was conceived and that the Son of God became the son of the Virgin.The festival has been celebrated since the 5th century AD. the Living Bread from heaven Arising spontaneously in the ancient world, holidays and feasts developed in Syria and Egypt, Persia and Mesopotamia, in Gaul and the dark woods of present day Germany, and in the Roman Empire. This site contains copyrighted material the use of which has not always been authorized by the copyright owner. It is said three times a day in the Roman Catholic Church. Hymns sung at Pentecost take the Holy Spirit as their theme, and include: Since, for Catholics, the host contains the real presence of Christ, it is treated as Christ in human form would be treated, with reverence, ceremony and adoration.The host is displayed on a 'monstrance' and protected from the sun by a canopy. Christmas - Jesus' birth - often celebrated with nativity scenes, stories, pageants recalling the story of Jesus' humble birth in a stable surrounded by animals. Thomas Aquinas, Pange Lingua (hymn for Vespers on the Feast of Copus Christi), stanza 5 The year of Christ' birth was designated as 1 A.D. See When Christ was Born. Crosses are often covered with flowers to symbolize Jesus' victory over death. Historically, the festival was accompanied by music, dancing and fireworks. The Church year is divided up by various festivals and seasons. Christianity has given us heaps of holidays every year, which is not surprising considering it has been around for more than 2,000 years. the Bread of humankind today: In the Church of England this feast is also kept on the Thursday after Trinity Sunday and known as the Day of Thanksgiving for the Institution of Holy Communion (Corpus Christi). The most famous of the ones are set to Easter and Lent. The apostles were celebrating this festival when the Holy Spirit descended on them. Advent - the four-week season of preparation for the birth of Christ, and for the Second Coming. First of all: there are no straight-forward equivalents. The festival took an additional meaning in Spain, since it was always attended by the secular rulers of the area. Dat panis coelicus Some scholars have replaced "B.C." Holidays and Holy Nights offers an escape from the conveyor-belt life and introduces us to the cyclical and deeply spiritual Christian liturgical year. ©2020 United Religions Initiative. It is time also for looking towards Jesus' second coming (Parousia). christmas: christmas is celebrated for the birth of jesus and the celebration is for hope and joy with the happiness of the new birth. Corpus Christi was celebrated in England from 1318 onwards. “3. |::|, “In 1551, the Council of Trent described the festival as a 'triumph over heresy'. Christian Holidays and Feasts Trivia Questions & Answers : Christianity This category is for questions and answers related to Christian Holidays and Feasts, as asked by users of FunTrivia.com. Easter is immediately preceded by Holy Week, which includes Palm Sunday, Maundy Thursday, and Good Friday. This symbolised the unity of the sacred and secular powers, and linked both in victory over outsiders. — Literal English translation. |::|, “Pentecostalism: A profile of Pentecostal Christianity, its history and increasing popularity, and Pentecostalist worshippers' customs of speaking in tongues, prayer cloths, healing by laying on of hands and rarely serpent handling. But if it be not the Lord's Day, only hymns and antiphons are said in like manner in the Anastasis from the first cockcrow until daylight. Here we have provided the dates of the Christian religious holidays for calendar year 2019. But the angel said to her, "Do not be afraid, Mary, you have found favour with God. Tradition in some UK towns and villages in recent years the UK often an Advent wreathe is as! S calendar is very important to all Believers in Yeshua days Jesus spent in the light of ones. Ones are set to Easter commemorating the 40 days Jesus spent in the A.D. 380s: “ the idea rest. 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