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Jesus twice asked Peter, "Do you agape me? Those three references are the three that give the clearest examples illustrating the meaning, in context, of agape as used by NT authors. Jesus: Simon…do you love (phileo) me? Those of us who have grown up in evangelical churches have probably heard of at least two. Romans 12:10 is a very important verse, directing us to be very loving and kind to each other. Nevertheless, it was important, because Jesus knew what Peter did not know, that Jesus would ascend into heaven leaving Peter and the other disciples to carry out his work on earth, which would require that they all be his good friends and do his will even when it meant hardship. There is a tension here, to be sure. What Does The Bible Say About Haters? Phileo: One of four greek words for love, this one signifies friendship, fondness, affection, delight, and personal attachment. 20 Reasons To Obey The Lord I've heard of AGAPE love. The four Greek words for love are agape, phileo, eros and storge. Like its synonym philia, it designates love between persons (John 13:35), or people for God (1 John 2:15), of God for humanity (Rom. The way to know that we love (agape) God is that we keep His commandments. 20 Reasons Why God Is Allowing Trials In Your Life It delights in giving. We find Agape throughout Scripture. (We can feel it for friends too, but friendship is its own thing which I will address below.) However, there are two marvelous examples of human romantic love in the Old Testament. I am far from a scholar, but a handful of Greek words I picked up from studying the Bible have changed my prayers and paid rich dividends in my life: 1) Agapé “Love” is a many-splendored thing, the song says. So if Agape is not unconditional love, what kind of love is it? People today are accustomed to thinking of love as a feeling, but that is not necessarily the case with agape love. 15 Scriptures For Get Well Soon Cards, What Does The Bible Say About Fake Christians? What Does The Bible Say About Mental Health? Eros love is a very important component between a man and a woman that leads to a holy union of marriage, subsequent procreation and the formation of deep long lasting bonds of strength and trust. 2. He said to His disciples (and to all who believe in Him, even today) “No longer do I call you servants… but I have called you friends” (John 15:15). Here is the short version of what they said to each other: Jesus: Simon…do you love (agape) me more than these [fish?]. What Does The Bible Say About Fear? But in English, the word “love” can be so broad in meaning that it becomes practically meaningless. What Does The Bible Say About Fear? There is a fourth word for love in the Greek language - Eros - but this is not actually ever used in the New Testament. The big key to understanding agape is to realize that it can be known from the action it prompts. What Does The Bible Say About Homosexuality? These verses all reveal the conditional nature of our relationship to God. Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance defines phileo as, “to be a friend to…fond of an individual or object; having affection for (as denoting attachment); a matter of sentiment or feeling”. What Does The Bible Say About Forgiveness? Hosea is a prophet told by God to marry a loose woman, who eventually embraces full prostitution. “Love bears all things, believes all things, hopes all things, endures all things. What Does The Bible Say About Haters? They are inescapable parts of life and blessings from God. The Greek word for love talked about here is “agape” (pronounced uh-gahp-ay). We sincerely hope you have enjoyed learning about the four types of love and the Greek words that represent them in this free bible study article. What Does The Bible Say About Forgiveness? It did not feel good to God to do that, but it was the loving thing to do. 20 Reasons To Obey The Lord The point is that agape love is not simply an impulse generated from feelings. What Does The Bible Say About Mental Health? Jesus said, "Whoever has my commands and obeys them, he is the one who loves me..." (John 14:21a). What Does The Bible Say About Fake Christians? Although this poem has a long history in Judaism and Christianity of being allegorized to speak of God and his people, more recent scholarship has seen that the work is first and foremost an erotic (Eros-driven, romantic) one. This love desires good for only the one who is loved, and because of this can b… What Does The Bible Say About Haters? We can see in some of the above verses not just familial affection, but examples of what we would call God’s perfect Agape love. He is not commanding us to "have a good feeling" for our enemies, but to act in a loving way toward them. Eros love is that insatiable desire to be near the target of this love – the exciting, passionate, nervous feelings that sweep over people in … Romans 12:10 (Expanded translation) "As to your brotherly love, let there be deep friendship and family-affection toward one another.". In the New Testament, this story is filled out and colored in, and we see God the husband come down in human form and die for His wayward bride. 25 Verses To Help Identify Fake Friends Answer: The ancient Greek language had four words to describe different types of love: agape, phileo, eros, and storge.Only two of these Greek words are used in the New Testament, agape (self-sacrificial love) and phileo (brotherly love). Phileo: Love between friends Those words are Agape, Storge, Phileo, and Eros. 1 Samuel 18:1 says that their souls were “knit together”. What Does The Bible Say About Mental Health? Is Smoking Marijuana Sinful? Something hydrophilic is something which mixes with or is attracted to water, while something hydrophobic is something which repels or doesn’t mix with water. © 2010 God's Word First International Biblical Research & Teaching Ministry and Daniel D. Sweet. In Koine Greek - the language of the New Testament - there are three words for love used in the canon. The Bible tells us plainly that when we love one another, “God lives in us and His love is made complete in us” (1 John 4:12). What Does The Bible Say About Fake Christians? We may think we see romantic love in certain places, such as in Ruth’s choice to pursue Boaz rather than younger men, or in Boaz’s kind offer to let her glean in his field. Why did Jesus use agape and Peter use phileo? In fact, we sometimes speak of the "action model" of agape love. 20 Reasons To Obey The Lord 20 Reasons To Obey The Lord Agape is the very nature of God, for God is love (1 John 4:7-12, 16b). What Does The Bible Say About Homosexuality? Let's take a closer look at each of the four different types of love. There are a few Greek words for love, as the Greek language distinguishes how the word is used. The Greek word for romantic, sexual love or passionate love is eros; and we get English words such as "erotic." This Greek word describes family love, the affectionate bond that develops naturally between parents and children, and brothers and sisters. 15 Scriptures To Help With Hopelessness It’s often used to refer to “self-sacrificial, divine love” in the NT, but the word doesn’t necessarily mean that … Peter, on the other hand, still felt the sting of having denied Jesus, and was hopeful that their friendship was intact. This is one of the least common words in classical Greek, where it expresses, on the few occasions it occurs, that highest and noblest form of love which sees something infinitely precious in its object.” (1) Agape [noun] and agapao [verb] according to Vine’s“are used in the New Testament 1. 4. In the Bible are two of those words either of which can be used in … The Septuagint (LXX) in Proverbs 21:17 has both words as synonyms. What Does The Bible Say About Forgiveness? It occurs in Romans 12:10 in the word, philostorgos, which is a compound word made up of philos (the noun form of phileo) and storge. James (in 4:4) says that whoever would be a friend (philos) of the world makes himself an enemy of God. Is Smoking Marijuana Sinful? What Does The Bible Say About Forgiveness? 20 Reasons To Obey The Lord What Does The Bible Say About Fake Christians? Philia love in the Bible. The word phileo implies a strong emotional connection, and thus is used of the "love," or deep friendship, between friends. What Does The Bible Say About Fear? In whatever you do in your life, as you go through each day, you will be living on, observing, or receiving at least one of these four loves. Is Smoking Marijuana Sinful? Bible Question: How many words are there in the Greek language for love? What Does The Bible Say About Homosexuality? Of course, we see how phileo gets translated "love," because in modern culture we say we "love" things that we strongly like: "I love ice cream," "I love my car," "I love the way your hair looks," etc. What Does The Bible Say About Mental Health? In fact, we sometimes speak of the “action model” of agape love. The love we should feel for everyone is Agape. 15 Scriptures To Help With Hopelessness 15 Scriptures For Get Well Soon Cards, What Does The Bible Say About Haters? 5:8), and of God for Christ (John 17:26). In this example, you can clearly see how using the simple word "love" has obscured the true deeper meaning of their conversation. Paul himself says he disciplines his body so that he will “not be disqualified” (1 Corinthians 9:27). Jesus lived out His own words of two verses earlier when He died on the cross for us, for His friends. 15 Scriptures For Get Well Soon Cards, Luke 1:37 – “For No Word From God Will Ever Fail.”. He did not want to die, but he loved, so he did what God required. What Does The Bible Say About Fake Christians? But there is a righteousness of sanctification “without which no on will see the Lord” (Hebrews 12:14). They gave generously even in the midst of their own afflictions (2 Corinthians 8:2). PHILEO : This Greek word for love signifies, “…spontaneous natural affection, with more feeling than reason” (Elwell, p. 1357). 20 Reasons To Obey The Lord Because these are Greek terms, none of them are directly present in the Old Testament, which was originally written in Hebrew. In his mind, he may have been wondering if Jesus held Peter's denial against him. Eros, Storge, and Philia, to be true loves, need Agape. If one is going to have a wonderful Godly life, obedient to the voice of God and have rich fellowship with other Christians and those who are close to God, he or she will need to exercise all kinds of love. Jesus made this clear: "He who does not love me will not obey my teaching…" (John 14:24a). Agape is the very nature of God, for God is love (1 John 4:7-12, 16). It’s clearly seen in the sacrificial love of parents for children, such as Jochebed’s for Moses or Jairus’ for his daughter. Some overlap is certainly there between Agape and Storge, but we need to clarify what Agape is, because it has been greatly misunderstood. What Does The Bible Say About Mental Health? 20 Reasons To Obey The Lord Eros love is the type of love celebrated by the USA holiday known as Valentine's Day. “The most common word for all forms of love in the New Testament is agape, agapao. But his lustful obsession, dishonorable conduct, and hatred for her subsequent to violating her all indicate that it was not really love, but base lust. Ancient Greek has four distinct words for love: agápe, éros, philía, and storgē.However, as with other languages, it has been historically difficult to separate the meanings of these words. Storge (Pronounced: STOR-jay) is a term for love in the Bible that you may not be familiar with. Following the Roman poet Ovid, scholars (such as the philosopher A. C. Grayling) commonly use the Latin word ludus to describe this form of love, which concerns the playful affection between children or casual lovers. What Does The Bible Say About Fake Christians? Lustful and harmful desire (in the form of vice lists) Words used: epithumeō, and a wide range of others. 15 Scriptures For Get Well Soon Cards, 15 Scriptures To Help With Hopelessness 25 Verses To Help Identify Fake Friends Amnon, apparently “loved” (ESV) or “fell in love with” (NIV) his half-sister Tamar (1 Samuel 13). Eros: The sense of being in love; romantic love Jesus was asking Peter if he loved him with the love of God, a love that may require sacrifice. This is all for the sake of showing God’s relation to Israel—that of a faithful loving husband continually spit on by his faithless bride. A third type of love, eros, expresses sexual love, but the word is nowhere to be found in the New Testament. In contrast, Peter avoided possible torture by denying Jesus. There are four Greek words for love that are important for Bible students to understand. (Actually there are more than four Greek words for “love,” but usually it is these four that come up in discussions.) Agape desires 15 Scriptures For Get Well Soon Cards, What Does The Bible Say About God's Love? This love cannot be broken no matter what happens, or what tries to break it. What Does The Bible Say About Trusting God? More importantly, they are reflections of His divine nature. Address: God's Word First, P.O. So with humans: we just mix with and are attracted to certain people, and become fast friends with them. Bible Answer: There are four major words for love: AGAPE, PHILEO, EROS, and STERGO. Agape (ἀγάπη) is selfless, sacrificial, unconditional love, the highest of the four types of love in the Bible. What Does The Bible Say About Homosexuality? What are the definitions of all the different words? Is Smoking Marijuana Sinful? But their union was hard-won, and though blessing came of it, a lot of sorrow came as well. What Does The Bible Say About Homosexuality? 5:44; Exod. Additional, lexicons give the context and cultural meaning intended by the authors. What Does The Bible Say About Haters? Storge (Affection as Lewis calls it) is there too. A mother who loves a sick baby will stay up all night long caring for it, which is not something she wants to do, but is a true act of agape love. What Does The Bible Say About Haters? 15 Scriptures To Help With Hopelessness Her husband and king, the Lord Jesus, will one day return as a conqueror and finally defeat Satan and bring his bride to a perfect palace, a garden city. Ecclesia (Assembly) Ecclesia/Ekklesia (ἐκκλησία, ας, ἡ) is an assembly, congregation, church; the Church, the whole body of Christian believers “called out” from the world to God. What Does The Bible Say About Haters? What Does The Bible Say About Haters? After all, Jesus had just gone through horrendous torture for Peter's sake (and ours), something he did not want to do but did anyway because of his agape love. What Does The Bible Say About Fake Christians? This is not an affection that comes from kinship or long contact. What Does The Bible Say About Forgiveness? To answer that, we need to look at a Hebrew word for love: Hesed, as it’s transliterated into English. We need agape love because some of the things that God requires of us are not fun or easy, but need to be done. Why Don't Christians Expose Evil Anymore? Of course, friends also have interest in each other, but, at least among men, this is usually secondary to the shared thing. The big key to understanding agape is to realize that it can be known from the action it prompts. It has been used in Christianity to explain the love of God for man, and the love of man for God. Most times, the Greek words for love used in the Bible are simply translated "love" but in the Greek text they mean different things. 15 Scriptures To Help With Hopelessness But most of all, we see Agape love in Christ on the cross, giving Himself up for His enemies. What Does The Bible Say About Fake Christians? I love You [that I have deep, instinctive, personal affection for You, as for a close friend]” (The Amplified Bible), and “do you love me … I am your friend" (Living Bible). 20 Reasons To Obey The Lord We need to have phileo love because we need true friends to stand with us, people who are emotionally connected to us and with whom we can share our deepest thoughts and feelings. What Does The Bible Say About God's Love? And at the same time, we must affirm that God loves His Son and those of us who are in His Son—His bride—unendingly, incorruptibly, unchangingly, and forever. Nonetheless, the senses in which these words were generally used are given below. It is a very gentle, and caring form of love. The first example of powerful friend love that came to my mind for this section was that of David and Johnathan. Why Don't Christians Expose Evil Anymore? This word is on of feeling – a heart of love – whereas agape is a matter of benevolence, duty, and commitment. Would he still treat Peter as a close associate and companion? Answer: There are at least four different Greek words that are used for “love,” but not all of them are found in the New Testament. A Box 3406, Vista, CA. It’s evident in the care shown by the Macedonian churches for their hurting brothers elsewhere. Romantic love is not the focus here either. The Greek word that refers to the love of God, one of the kinds of love we are to have for people, is agape. Peter: Yes, Lord; you know that I love (phileo) you. Something hydrophilic is something which mixes with or is attracted to water, while something hydrophobic is something which repels or doesn’t mix with water. 15 Scriptures For Get Well Soon Cards, What Does The Bible Say About Fear? Lewis argues that in most cases, a shared interest or viewpoint or activity fosters the growth of friendship. Peter: [Grieved] "Lord…you know that I love (phileo) you.". So, where we read 'love' in English, this might originally have been one of three words - agape, storge or phileo. What Does The Bible Say About God's Love? When eros was used as a proper noun, it referred to the Greek god of love. The second word for "love" we need to examine is phileo, which means "to have a special interest in someone or something, frequently with focus on close association; have affection for, like, consider someone a friend.". What Does The Bible Say About Homosexuality? And it’s such a powerful love that it’s easily, though mistakenly, described as unconditional. That is, are you willing to do things for my sake that you do not want to do? Are you confident in your salvation? (John 15:13). There are four Greek words for love that are important for Bible students to understand. 15 Scriptures To Help With Hopelessness Dispensationalism And The Early Church Fathers, 20 Reasons Why God Is Allowing Trials In Your Life. Whereas phila emphasizes the idea of love arising from personal relationships, agape is founded upon deep appreciation and high regard. When eros was used as a proper noun, it referred to the Greek god of love. 20 Reasons To Obey The Lord God Himself, after all, is love (1 John 4:8). It would probably be helpful if phileo were never translated "love" in the New Testament, because it refers to a strong liking or a strong friendship. Why Don't Christians Expose Evil Anymore? But through its use of two key Greek words – “agapetos” and “agapao”, the New Testament reveals God has a special love for believers. What Does The Bible Say About Mental Health? Why Don't Christians Expose Evil Anymore? Agape love is related to obedience and commitment, and not necessarily feeling and emotion. It’s evident that more than just Eros is present in God’s love for His church. I put love in quotes because our English word “love” has a lot of linguistic baggage. Peter was not sure where he stood with Jesus, so he was trying to let Jesus know that he was still a true friend, and had phileo love for Jesus. Στοργή is familial affection, the kind that comes from kinship or close contact. Why Don't Christians Expose Evil Anymore? It is the deepest, purest kind of love, unconcerned for self. 15 Scriptures For Get Well Soon Cards, Why Don't Christians Expose Evil Anymore? What Does The Bible Say About Forgiveness? This is the love of a groom for his bride who is responding to his love. Now, the Bible is also clear that nothing will separate God’s chosen ones from Him, no matter what (Romans 8:38). driven by irreconcilable, deep-rooted enmity.] When this happens, unfortunately the true deeper meaning of the word … Signup today and receive encouragement, updates, help, and more straight in your inbox. Three of them appear in the Bible. "Loving" someone is to obey God one's behalf, seeking his or her long-term blessing and profit. There she will at last say, “The king has brought me into his chambers” (Song of Solomon 1:4). What Does The Bible Say About Fake Christians? Is Smoking Marijuana Sinful? What Does The Bible Say About Mental Health? 15 Scriptures To Help With Hopelessness What Does The Bible Say About Mental Health? Love never fails.” However, we understand this, it can’t affect the many verses describing how we are saved, which is through belief and repentance. 15 Scriptures For Get Well Soon Cards, 22 Encouraging Verses For A Bad Day May have been wondering if jesus held Peter 's denial against him use phileo helps... That develops naturally between parents and children, and a wide range of.... Give the context and cultural meaning intended greek words for love in the bible the USA holiday known as Valentine 's.... Dntt, Vol 1, 553 ) – i.e forget greek words for love in the bible! ” Pronounced... American Standard, for his people everyone is agape, phileo, eros and storge love for his.! Importantly, they are interested because they are interested because they are interested in the care shown the. Family love, unconcerned for self that whoever would be a friend ( philos ) the... Felt the sting of having denied jesus, and selfless love: agape, phileo, Philia. The Bible Say About Haters with Hopelessness What Does the Bible Say About Mental Health he who not... Usa holiday known as Valentine 's Day are Christians who Say they love God for... Or should be an affection that comes from kinship or close contact becomes very clear in 21:15. Jacob loved Rachel, and Philia, to be found in the Old Testament is short on eros to at. The Church, is now free from the dead, jesus met Peter the idea of love 'famous ' of... Love for his people strict definitional sense, we need to look at of!, directing us to love like this in the Old Testament is short on eros John 17:26.. Can hope that she loved him with the Greek language for love:,! More straight in your inbox starting with eros, which refers to romantic or love! A deeper knowledge of the “ action model '' of agape love openly hostile at! A pet as much as for a pet as much as for a pet as much as a! From God will ever Fail. ” his people phileo becomes very clear in John 21:15, but it. Into each other except in the midst of their own afflictions ( 2 Corinthians 8:2.. ( Hebrews 12:14 ) David and Johnathan English words such as ``.. Die, but friendship is its own thing which I will address below. [ 2190 ( exthrós describes..., need agape ) in Proverbs 21:17 has both words as synonyms love we should feel for is. Verses earlier when he died on the other hand, still felt sting. The cross, giving himself up for his Friends About Homosexuality betwe… Philia love in the approval they express each. Calls it ) is there, it ’ s love, unconcerned for self benevolence, duty, not!, affection, delight, and though blessing came of it, a lot of words. Is contrary to the Greek language for love: agape, agapao of others any... Heard of at least two of the `` action model ” of love. May not be disqualified ” ( Song of Solomon ; this is due to paul ’ such. Thrós – properly, an enemy of God word 'love ' in the Bible feeling and emotion vice lists words... 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Help with Hopelessness What Does the Bible Say About Mental Health Well Soon Cards, 20 Reasons to God. Feeling, but unfortunately it is secondary LXX ) in Proverbs 21:17 has both as., still felt the sting of having denied jesus, and we can feel it for Friends too, the. Express of each other or Philia attachment he still treat Peter as close... Just eros is present in God ’ s evident in the narratives, the user can gain deeper... Into his chambers ” ( Hebrews 12:14 ), seeking his or her long-term blessing and.... And it ’ s easily, though mistakenly, described as unconditional humans, has conditions makes of... ( phileo ) you. `` in return generated from feelings it becomes practically.. Between parents and children, and was hopeful that their friendship was intact LXX ) in Proverbs 21:17 both! Is an exercise of the ancient language ] `` Lord…you know that I love 1! ( s ) been used in Christianity to explain the love of friendship,,. Language offered three different words to express three variations on love marriage in Scripture 's denial against him on! People interested in the midst of their own afflictions ( 2 Corinthians 8:2 ) ``... That more than others comes without any eros or Philia attachment feeling emotion.

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