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The following letter written in 174 by Emperor Marcus Aurelius was found attached to a copy of the Christian apologist Justin Martyr’s First Apology. The rain god is iconographically unique but a figure of a river god among the Dionysiac relief panels of the theatre in Perge dated to Marcus Aurelius’ reign can be its first parallel. The rain god in the upper left is sending life-giving moisture to the parched Roman troops. Finally comes ch. All content copyright © 1995–2021 Livius.org. It is a Doric column featuring a spiral relief: it was built in honour of Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius and modeled on Trajan's Column. Marcus Aurelius, the … This chapter provides a good introduction to the column, though some controversies about what is depicted and the nature of these depictions are perhaps played down a little. So they posted guards all about and hemmed them in to prevent their getting water anywhere; for the barbarians were far superior in numbers. 6, 123 n. 1 and 125) : “ the starting year for the scenes of the column could be 171 or 172”, as the rain miracle depicted in scene XVI took place in … 2). At any rate, I've now got one of these, and I can blame it on the Rain Miracle. The so-called “Rain miracle” is depicted here, representing the event that took place in 172 AD in the war against Quadi. The "Rain Miracle" from Column of Marcus Aurelius, Rome, c 180-185. While researching something completely different, I recently stumbled across the fascinating story of a miraculous cloudburst which saved part of the Roman army during Marcus Aurelius's Macromannic campaign, circa AD 174. Julian Theurgistes and the rain miracle --Chapter 8. It is quoted below, including an addition by Xiphilinus, who accuses Dio of fraud. The longest war of the Roman imperial period is the war Marcus Aurelius waged with the northern German and Sarmatian tribes. The Miracle of the Rain as depicted on the Column of Marcus Aurelius in Rome. The Rain Miracle of Marcus Aurelius In 168 to 174 CE, emperor Marcus Aurelius waged war against two important tribes of northern barbarians, the Marcomanni and the Quadi. Several pagan and Christian versions of the miracle existed already in Antiquity. The depiction of the miracle on Marcus Aurelius’s column is also discussed. For when the Romans were in peril in the course of the battle, the divine power saved them in a most unexpected manner. The Column Of Marcus Aurelius. It surely must be so, for he was not ignorant of the division of soldiers that bore the special name of the "Thundering" legion - indeed he mentions it in the list along with the others- a title which was given it for no other reason (for no other is reported) than because of the incident that occurred in this very war.note[The honorary title Fulminata ("thundering" or "lightning") was in fact used more than a century before the rain miracle. soothed the Romans’ suffering. In the winter of 168/169, the Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius launched a large-scale war against the tribes across the northern frontier of the empire: the Marcomanni and Quadi in Czechia. The cult of Danuvius is rarely attested Marcus Aurelius Column is a monument commemorating the victory of Roman troops, under the command of Emperor Marcus Aurelius, during the Marcomannic Wars (167-180 CE). Little time is spent on the strange depiction of the rain … Home » Pictures » Italy » Rome » Rome, Column of Marcus Aurelius » Rome, Column of Marcus Aurelius, The Rain Miracle, About Pictures Sources Countries Languages Categories Tags Thanks FAQ Donate Contact Articles Stubs. Little time is spent on the strange depiction of the rain god himself. The reliefs capture the theme of Marcus Aurelius’ wars north of the Danube against the Marcomanni and the Sarmatians in the 170s 1, but they rarely depict specific historical events. MARCUS AURELIUS AE Sestertius 29.44g, 31mm RIC 1075; Cohen 535 All rights reserved. The Column of Marcus Aurelius The Philosopher-Emperor and his Wars Each page in the History of Rome has three parts: a video (also available as an audio file), which situates the building in its broad historical context; a carefully-researched story intended to immerse readers in the world of the building; and a photo essay that illustrates the building’s most interesting features. The Column of Marcus Aurelius is a Roman victory column in Piazza Colonna, Rome, Italy. All content copyright © 1995–2021 Livius.org. 3. of Marcus Aurelius and previous research on the Column. After initial setbacks, they were defeated in 174. The Miracle of the Rain as depicted on the Column of Marcus Aurelius in Rome. However, unlike Trajan, who was depicted as an ordinary human, the Column of Marcus Aurelius has some miraculous elements, such as the rain miracle on the territory of Quadi that saved Roman army after the prayer of the Emperor Marcus Aurelius. Now the incident I have reference to is this: Marcus had a division of soldiers (the Romans call a division a legion) from Melitene; and these people are all worshippers of Christ. The Dating of the column of Marcus Aurelius, Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 15, 1952, s. 33–47. The Column of Marcus Aurelius … The rain miracle in medieval Latin and Byzantine sources --Chapter 5. When examined in the context of written sources, the most certainly historical scenes are “The Miracle of the Lightning” and “The Miracle of the Rain”. According to Cassius Dio, the legio XII Fulminata was hemmed in by a superior Quadi force and almost forced to surrender because of the heat and thirst. The Roman History of Cassius Dio is partly lost, but an excerpt by the Byzantine author Xiphilinus survives. Keywords: Trajan’s and Marcus Aurelius’ Column, deities depicted in the columns, Marcus Aurelius’ rain miracle, the cult of Danuvius Keywords: Trajan’s and Marcus Aurelius’ Column, deities depicted in the columns, Marcus Aurelius’ rain miracle… Rome, Column of Marcus Aurelius, The Rain Miracle: Date. Thunderbolts struck the enemy while the rain soothed the Romans' suffering. and by this means attracted the rain. Péter Kovács examines these events and their sources in detail. Indeed, there is a story to the effect that Harnuphis, an Egyptian magician, who was a companion of Marcus, had invoked by means of enchantments various deities and in particular Mercury, the god of the air,note[Mercury is not known as celestial deity. All rights reserved. Thunderbolts struck the enemy while the rain soothed the Romans' suffering. On the other hand, his contemporary Tertullian, a Christian author, claimed that the prayer of Christian soldiers had caused the miracle. Chapter Six. The incident is historically attested to and is even depicted on the Column of Marcus Aurelius, but the connection between the event and the RELIG AVG coins have been widely debated. Cassius Dio on the Rain Miracle, Legio XII Fulminata, Rome, Column of Marcus Aurelius. The depiction of the miracle on Marcus Aurelius’s column is also discussed. Rome, Column of Marcus Aurelius, The Rain Miracle. The best-known events of these wars were the lightning and rain miracles. Piazza Colonna. Marcus Aurelius' Rain Miracle and the Marcomannic Wars: 308 Mnemosyne Supplements; History and Archaeology of Classical Antiquity: Amazon.es: Kovács, Peter: Libros en … He argues against the depiction of Commodus in the frieze, and for the monument having been commissioned in A. D. 176, hence to have covered only the First German-Sarmatian War, which ended abruptly in 175. Several pagan and Christian versions of the miracle existed already in Antiquity. 15 Certainly the emperor cannot have been present, if even his own monument leaves him out. One of the most important monuments of Imperial Rome and at the same time one of the most poorly understood, the Column of Marcus Aurelius has long stood in the shadow of the Column of Trajan. The Column of Marcus Aurelius (Latin: Columna Centenaria Divorum Marci et Faustinae, Italian: Colonna di Marco Aurelio) is a Roman victory column in Piazza Colonna, Rome, Italy. Several pagan and Christian versions of the miracle existed already in Antiquity. 37992 images are available with authorization; descriptions are openly available. Sample scene 2 – “Rain miracle”, before and after reconstruction According to Cassius Dio, “it was Marcus Aurelius … [71.10] Dio goes on to say that when the rain poured down, at first all turned their faces upwards and received the water in their mouths; then some held out their shields and some their helmets to catch it, and they not only took deep draughts themselves but also gave their horses to drink. COLUMN OF MARCUS AURELIUS COLONNA DI MARCO AURELIO. We share high-resolution versions of our original photographs. Collection Access; There are no openly available images. Xiphilinus' diatribe against Dio misses all foundation.] He is, however, often presented as the Roman equal of the Egyptian Thoth, who is, under the name of Thoth-Shu, responsible for meteorology.] Marcus on hearing this appealed to them to pray to their God; and when they had prayed, their God immediately gave ear and smote the enemy with a thunderbolt and comforted the Romans with a shower of rain. … The incident is historically attested to and is even depicted on the Column of Marcus Aurelius, but the connection between the event and the RELIG AVG coins have been widely debated. in Marcus Aurelius’ Rain Miracle and the Marcomannic Wars. Commodus in the guise of Hercules, c 190-192. The 'Rain Miracle' on the Column The Column of Marcus Aurelius (see Fig 1) remains in situ in the ancient Campus Martius, (modern Piazza Colonna), west of the Via Flaminia, south of the Ara Pacis, north of the Temple of Divine Hadrian and perhaps stood in front of a Temple to the Divine Marcus (see map Fig. Because the original dedicatory inscription has been destroyed, it is not known whether it was built during the emperor’s reign (on the occasion of the triumph over the Marcomanni, Quadi and Sarmatians in the year 176) or after his death in 180; however, an inscription found in the vicinity attests that the column was completed by 193. The rain god is iconographically unique but a figure of a river god among the Dionysiac relief panels of the theatre in Perge dated to Marcus Aurelius’ reign can be its first parallel. The Column of Marcus Aurelius (Latin: Columna Centenaria Divorum Marci et Faustinae, Italian: Colonna di Marco Aurelio) is a Roman victory column in Piazza Colonna, Rome, Italy. Chapter Five. The Forged Letter Attributed To Marcus Aurelius. Cassius Dio on the Rain Miracle, Legio XII Fulminata, … The most important source is the Column of Marcus Aurelius in Rome. It is a Doric column featuring a spiral relief: it was built in honour of Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius and modeled on Trajan's Column. During this campaign, the legion called XII Fulminata (the "Thundering Legion") was surrounded by the Quadi and almost forced into surrender because it had no water. Abstract. The depiction of the miracle on Marcus Aurelius's column is also discussed. Petersen, E.: Blitz- und Regenwunder an der Marcus … In The Column of Marcus Aurelius, Martin Beckmann makes. The Quadi had surrounded them at a spot favorable for their purpose and the Romans were fighting valiantly with their shields locked together; then the barbarians ceased fighting, expecting to capture them easily as the result of the heat and their thirst. The most important source is the Column of Marcus Aurelius … Column of Marcus Aurelius in Rome excludes the emperor from its depiction of the rain miracle,'4 which is worked by a winged and hirsute divinity, his outstretched arms dripping with rain. Sample scene 2 – “Rain miracle”, before and after reconstruction According to Cassius Dio, “it was Marcus Aurelius good fortune to win an unexpected victory, or rather it was vouchsafed him by heaven. On the right is depicted “the miracle of rain” (depicted as a kind of rain god). Rain miracle form column of Marcus Aurelius. [Mercury is not known as celestial deity. Coins And The Rain Miracle. Marcus Aurelius had a great reputation as a philosopher, but in the late second century, wisdom involved non-rational approaches of the divine. Now it is stated that in this battle, when Marcus found himself at a loss what to do in the circumstances and feared for his whole army, the prefect approached him and told him that those who are called Christians can accomplish anything whatever by their prayers and that in the army there chanced to a whole division of this sect. The Column of Marcus Aurelius and Faustina which stands in Piazza Colonna in Rome is thought to have been erected by Commodus in memory of his father and mother sometime around 180 CE. Description. The Rain Miracle In Medieval Latin And Byzantine Sources. VIII.6.17http://digitalcommons.acu.edu/ferguson_photos/1511/thumbnail.jp Home » Sources » Content » Cassius Dio » Cassius Dio on the Rain Miracle, About Pictures Sources Countries Languages Categories Tags Thanks FAQ Donate Contact Articles Stubs. He is, however, often presented as the Roman equal of the Egyptian Thoth, who is, under the name of Thoth-Shu, responsible for meteorology. VIII.6.17http://digitalcommons.acu.edu/ferguson_photos/1511/thumbnail.jp In the midst of the Marcomannic Wars, during the reign of Marcus Aurelius, a band of Roman legionaries were blockaded by rebellious Quadi tribes on the German frontier. Peter Kovacs examines these events and their sources in detail. According to Cassius Dio, a Greek historian who wrote some 40 years after the event, an Egyptian magician had been able to work the miracle.note[Cassius Dio, Roman History 72=71.8-10.] Licence. CC0 1.0 Universal. Although on the column of Marcus Aurelius the “miracle of rain” and “miracle of lightning” were presented as separate scenes, they have located a short distance from each other. Peter Kovacs examines these events and their sources in detail. This page was last modified on 15 July 2020. The author also sketches … The most important source is the Column of Marcus Aurelius in Rome. The reliefs capture the theme of Marcus Aurelius’ wars north of the Danube against the Marcomanni and the Sarmatians in the 170s 1, but they rarely depict specific historical events. Here's the remarkable section from the Column of Marcus Aurelius in Rome that shows the Rain Miracle, with the deluge of rain personified as a bearded god with his shaggy … During this campaign, a famous incident, the so-called "miracle of the rain", occurred, which was later depicted on the column of Marcus Aurelius and on coins. The Rain Miracle scene on the Column of Marcus Aurelius, 190s. In a violent thunderstorm, emperor Marcus Aurelius (r. 161–180) defeated and subdued them in the so-called “miracle of the rain”! The original statue of Marcus Aurelius that stood atop it was replaced by a Rome, Column of Marcus Aurelius, The Rain Miracle. It is a Doric column featuring a spiral relief: it was built in honour of Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius and modeled on Trajan's Column. But the Greeks, though they know that the division was called the "thundering" legion and themselves bear witness to the fact, nevertheless make no statement whatever about the reason for its name. The column carries representations carved … A great war against the people called the Quadi also fell to his lot and it was his good fortune to win an unexpected victory, or rather it was vouchsafed him by heaven. Digging Deeper. The column was inspired by its more famous predecessor Trajan's Column which was set up, also in Rome, in 113 CE. It is also reported that there is a letter of Marcus extant on the subject. 185 CE. Column of Marcus Aurelius View Title Reliefs, Germanic War of 171, Miracle of the rain Creator/Culture artist: restored by Domenico Fontana (Italian, 1543-1607) Site/Repository Creation location: Located in Piazza Colonna, Rome (Italy) Period/Date Imperial Creation date: 179-193 CE, restoration date: 1589 Subjects Roman Spiral columns This page was created in 2002; last modified on 15 July 2020. .....A good case is made that the rain miracle started its life in a now-lost report by Marcus Aurelius to the senate in which the emperor attributed the miracle to an abstract, unspecified divinity, perhaps having an aspect of Jupiter in his mind. [71.9] This is what Dio says about the matter, but he is apparently in error, whether intentionally or otherwise; and yet I am inclined to believe his error was chiefly intentional. 185 CE Author: Péter Kovács. The monument, also known as the Aurelian Column, commemorates the Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius and his military campaigns. This Doric column, covered in brilliant relief, stands an impressively tall on the Piazza Colonna. The lightning and rain miracles --Chapter 9. Language: en ... Marcus Aureliusa Rain Miracle … Several pagan and Christian versions of the miracle existed already in Antiquity. ca. And when the barbarians now charged upon them, they drank and fought at the same time; and some, becoming wounded, actually gulped down the blood that flowed into their helmets, along with the water. - Rome. Maybe this is supposed to be Jupiter. The Column of Marcus Aurelius depicted the miracles in two different scenes narrating the first Roman campaign in the Barbaricum (Scenes XI and XVI; Fig. Index Of Sources. In his paper the author deals with the deities depicted on Trajan's and Marcus Aurelius' column with a special regard the cult of Danuvius/Danube and the winged and bearded god of the rain miracle. According to Cassius Dio, the legio XII Fulminata was hemmed in by a superior Quadi force and almost forced to surrender because of the heat and thirst. He was now saluted Imperator by the soldiers, for the seventh time; and although he was not wont to accept any such honor before the Senate voted it, nevertheless this time he took it as a gift from heaven, and he sent a dispatch to the senate. ]. Thunderbolts struck the enemy while the rain soothed the Romans' suffering. Marcus was greatly astonished at this and not only honored the Christians by an official decree but also named the legion the 'thundering' legion. Abstract. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1163/ej.9789004166394.i … The column of Marcus Aurelius (because it is also so-called nowadays) is the basic iconographic source about the Makoman Wars 27. The scenes of the column depict the miracles as well and therefore it was studied separately. The Rain Miracle: the miraculous escape of the Twelfth Legion Fulminata during the Marcomannic Wars. Theatre and Plaza of the Corporations behind, Ostia, Italy remodeled c … Interestingly, the “miracle of rain and lightning miracle” … Thunderbolts struck the enemy while the rain soothed the Romans’ suffering. However, when disaster seemed inevitable, a heavy shower relieved the Romans. He eventually defeated them, and it is this war that is immortalized on the column … While researching something completely different, I recently stumbled across the fascinating story of a miraculous cloudburst which saved part of the Roman army during Marcus Aurelius… The most important source is the Column of Marcus Aurelius in Rome. The Column of Marcus Aurelius and Faustina which stands in Piazza Colonna in Rome is thought to have been erected by Commodus in memory of his father and mother … Peter Kovacs examines these events and their sources in detail. However, unlike Trajan, who was depicted as an ordinary human, the Column of Marcus Aurelius has some miraculous elements, such as the rain miracle on the territory of Quadi that saved Roman army after the prayer of the Emperor Marcus Aurelius. It was precisely this incident that saved the Romans on this occasion and brought destruction upon the barbarians, and not Harnuphis, the magician; for Marcus is not reported to have taken pleasure in the company of magicians or in witchcraft.note[This is far from certain. Contact us for further information and be sure to make a note of the URL of the photos you are interested in. [71.8] So Marcus subdued the Marcomanni and the Iazyges after many hard struggles and dangers. Other sources on the incident are coins and a relief on the honorary column of Marcus Aurelius. In chapter 1 Beckmann tackles the Column’s date and purpose. View attachment 431477 MARCUS AURELIUS AE Sestertius 29.44g, 31mm RIC 1075; Cohen 535 and completed until 193 CE (after his death), as evidenced by the preserved inscription found near the column. Part of the Column of Marcus Aurelius to commemorate his victory over the Germanic tribes. Harnuphis is known from n inscription that was found at Aquileia, one of Marcus Aurelius' military bases.] The forged letter attributed to Marcus Aurelius --Chapter 7. Marcus Aurelius and the Miraculous Rain Event. Linked. Date. P ter Kov cs examines these events and their sources in detail. 1; 2), clear testi-mony that the lightning and rain miracle … Aurelius recounts an incident that occurred in the old Austrian city of Carnuntum where the Emperor lived from 172-175 while fighting the Marcommani and Quadi, German tribes. One of the most important monuments of Imperial Rome and at the same time one of the most poorly understood, the Column of Marcus Aurelius has long stood in the shadow of the Column of Trajan. ca. This chapter provides a good introduction to the column, though some controversies about what is depicted and the nature of these depictions are perhaps played down a little. The Column of Marcus Aurelius (Latin: Columna Centenaria Divorum Marci et Faustinae, Italian: Colonna di Marco Aurelio) is a Roman victory column in Piazza Colonna, Rome, Italy. Thus in one and the same place one might have beheld water and fire descending from the sky simultaneously; so that while those on the one side were being consumed by fire and dying; and while the fire, on the one hand, did not touch the Romans, but, if it fell anywhere among them, was immediately extinguished, the shower, on the other hand, did the barbarians no good, but, like so much oil, actually fed the flames that were consuming them, and they had to search for water even while being drenched with rain. Aurelius’ Column, Piazza Colonna, Rome Depicting Il Miracolo Della Pioggia, “The Miracle of Rain.” (Exterior/interior below) Aurelius’ Epistle to the Roman Senate is not the only place in ancient literature where his story of miraculous rain … Creator. Some wounded themselves in order to quench the fire with their blood, and others rushed over to the side of the Romans, convinced that they alone had the saving water; in any case Marcus took pity on them. Rome, Column of Marcus Aurelius, The Rain Miracle. With dry throats gasping for water and too exhausted to offer a fight, pleas to So intent, indeed, were most of them on drinking that they would have suffered severely from the enemy's onset, had not a violent hail-storm and numerous thunderbolts fallen upon the ranks of the foe. Rain miracle form column of Marcus Aurelius. During this campaign, a famous incident, the so-called "miracle of the rain", occurred, which was later depicted on the column of Marcus Aurelius and on coins. Coins and the rain miracle --Chapter 6. The most important source is the "Column of Marcus Aurelius … Welcome to this beautiful column, known as the Column of Marcus Aurelius. Thunderbolts struck the enemy while the rain soothed the Romans' suffering. Index Of Names. Immediately, there were several traditions about the cause of the miracle. Construction began in 180 CE. This seems to have happened in 172. The Column of Marcus Aurelius (Latin: Columna Centenaria Divorum Marci et Faustinae, ... the so-called "rain miracle in the territory of the Quadi", in which a god, answering a prayer from the emperor, rescues Roman troops by a terrible storm, a miracle later claimed by the Christians for the Christian God. In The Column of Marcus Aurelius, Martin Beckmann makes. During this campaign, a famous incident, the so-called "miracle of the rain", occurred, which was later depicted on the column of Marcus Aurelius and on coins. Centuries later the Christians co-opted the whole column. - Rome. The Romans, accordingly, were in a terrible plight from fatigue, wounds, the heat of the sun, and thirst, and so could neither fight nor retreat, but were standing and the line and at their several posts, scorched by the heat, when suddenly many clouds gathered and a mighty rain, not without divine interposition, burst upon them. He shook himself … The 'Rain Miracle' on the Column The Column of Marcus Aurelius (see Fig 1) remains in situ in the ancient Campus Martius, (modern Piazza Colonna), west of the Via Flaminia, south of the Ara Pacis, north of the Temple of Divine Hadrian and perhaps stood in front of a Temple to the Divine Marcus … 13, “ The Dating of the Scenes on the Column of Marcus Aurelius”, p. 265-275, in the last two sentences of which he reveals his preference for the solution proposed by Domaszewski in 1895 (Heidelberg Jb. Column of Marcus Aurelius, Miracle of the Rains Date 180-192 Digital Filename d10-12165. The “Rain Miracle,” which is prominently represented near the base of the Column. The Dating Of The Scenes On The Column Of Marcus Aurelius. The column stands on a rectangular pedestal, originally decorated with an inscription that is now lost, along with various reliefs, which did not survive the ravages of time and were largely … In the midst of the Marcomannic Wars, during the reign of Marcus Aurelius, a band of Roman legionaries were blockaded by rebellious Quadi tribes on the German frontier. Ab Langereis. With dry throats … Language: en ... Marcus Aureliusa Rain Miracle and the Marcomannic Wars. Column of Marcus Aurelius in Rome excludes the emperor from its depiction of the rain miracle,'4 which is worked by a winged and hirsute divinity, his outstretched arms dripping with rain. However, according to the message of Cassius Dion and Julius Capitoline, both miraculous events occurred simultaneously during the same battle now referred to as the “miracle of rain and lightning”. Bibliography. According to Cassius Dio, the … The rain miracle (scene from the column of Marcus Aurelius) In the winter of 168/169, the Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius launched a large-scale war against the tribes across the northern … THE RAIN MIRACLE OF MARCUS AURELIUS 87 Aurelian Column, ascribed the Rain Miracle and the Roman victory to an unidentifiable deity.19 Chronologically, the numismatic evidence is the … ... the so-called "rain miracle … The so-called “Rain miracle” is depicted here, representing the event that took place in 172 AD in the war against Quadi. When examined in the context of written sources, the most certainly historical scenes are “The Miracle of the Lightning” and “The Miracle of the Rain”. The most important source is the Column of Marcus Aurelius in Rome. The longest war of the Roman imperial period is the war Marcus Aurelius waged with the northern German and Sarmatian tribes. In his paper the author deals with the deities depicted on Trajan’s and Marcus Aurelius’ Column with a special regard to the cult of Danuvius/Danube and the winged and bearded god of the rain miracle. Several pagan and Christian versions of the miracle existed already in Antiquity. At any rate, I've now got one of these, and I can blame it on the Rain Miracle. Miracles as well and therefore it was studied separately rate, I 've now got one of these, I!: https: //doi.org/10.1163/ej.9789004166394.i … the rain soothed the Romans the `` rain miracle tackles the Column Marcus... Below, including an addition by Xiphilinus, who accuses Dio of fraud had caused miracle! The strange depiction of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 15, 1952, s. 33–47 's Column was. Parched Roman troops Column, commemorates the Roman History of Cassius Dio is partly,! Xiphilinus ' diatribe against Dio misses all foundation. 've now got of... 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A heavy shower relieved the Romans ' suffering when the Romans were in peril in the left...

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